Understanding Korean Grammar: -을 거예요

Introduction: Korean Grammar ‘-을 거예요.’

Learning Korean grammar can be challenging, but breaking it down into manageable lessons can make it easier. Today, we will explore the grammar pattern ‘-을 거예요,’ which is used to express future tense in Korean. This lesson will help you understand and use this form effectively.

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jaem grammar lesson 10_-을 거예요

Grammar Explanation

The grammar pattern ‘-을 거예요’ is used to express future tense in Korean, similar to “will” or “going to” in English. It is used to indicate an action or state that will occur in the future.


  • For verb stems ending in a consonant, add ‘-을 거예요.’
  • For verb stems ending in a vowel, add ‘-ㄹ 거예요.’
  • For verb stems ending in 하다, it becomes 할 거예요.
VerbStemFormExample Sentence
가다 (to go)갈 거예요학교에 갈 거예요 (I will go to school)
먹다 (to eat)먹을 거예요밥을 먹을 거예요 (I will eat a meal)
하다 (to do)할 거예요숙제를 할 거예요 (I will do my homework)


Verb Examples:

  • 보다 (to see)
    • 볼 거예요 = Will see
    • 영화를 볼 거예요 = I will watch a movie.
  • 살다 (to live)
    • 살 거예요 = Will live
    • 서울에서 살 거예요 = I will live in Seoul.
  • 읽다 (to read)
    • 읽을 거예요 = Will read
    • 책을 읽을 거예요 = I will read a book.
  • 마시다 (to drink)
    • 마실 거예요 = Will drink
    • 물을 마실 거예요 = I will drink water.

Adjective Examples:

  • 크다 (big)
    • 클 거예요 = Will be big
    • 그 집은 클 거예요 = That house will be big.
  • 작다 (small)
    • 작을 거예요 = Will be small
    • 고양이가 작을 거예요 = The cat will be small.
  • 좋다 (good)
    • 좋을 거예요 = Will be good
    • 날씨가 좋을 거예요 = The weather will be good.
  • 나쁘다 (bad)
    • 나쁠 거예요 = Will be bad
    • 기분이 나쁠 거예요 = I will feel bad.

Usage in Context

When using ‘-을 거예요’ in different contexts, it emphasizes that the action or state will occur in the future.

Everyday Contexts:

  • 내일 뭐 할 거예요? = What will you do tomorrow?
  • 친구를 만날 거예요 = I will meet a friend.
  • 주말에 여행을 갈 거예요 = I will go on a trip over the weekend.
  • 점심을 먹을 거예요 = I will eat lunch.

Special Occasions:

  • 다음 생일에 파티를 열 거예요 = I will throw a party on my next birthday.
  • 휴가 때 바다에 갈 거예요 = I will go to the beach during my vacation.
  • 결혼식에 참석할 거예요 = I will attend a wedding.

Cultural Insight: In Korean culture, expressing future plans or intentions is common and helps convey one’s thoughts about upcoming events. It is essential for making plans and discussing future activities.

Common Mistakes

Common Mistakes:

  • Incorrect: 먹거예요 (Incorrect form)
    • Correct: 먹을 거예요 = I will eat.

Mistake Explanation: Ensure that the correct form ‘-을 거예요’ or ‘-ㄹ 거예요’ is used based on whether the verb stem ends in a consonant or vowel.

Explore these related grammar points to deepen your understanding:

  • -ㄹ/을 것이다: Another way to express future tense, often used in more formal contexts.
  • -고 싶다: To express wanting to do something in the future.
  • -ㄹ/을 때: To indicate the time when something will happen in the future.
  • -겠-: Another future tense marker that can express intention or assumption.

Practice Exercises

Practice Makes Perfect!

  • Exercise 1: Conjugate the following verbs in the future tense using ‘-을 거예요.’
    • 가다 (to go)
    • 먹다 (to eat)
    • 하다 (to do)
    • 보다 (to see)

Answer Key:

  1. 갈 거예요
  2. 먹을 거예요
  3. 할 거예요
  4. 볼 거예요
  • Exercise 2: Create sentences using ‘-을 거예요’ for the following situations:
    • I will watch a movie.
    • She will live in Busan.
    • They will read a book.
    • We will drink coffee.

Answer Key:

  1. 영화를 볼 거예요.
  2. 그녀는 부산에서 살 거예요.
  3. 그들은 책을 읽을 거예요.
  4. 우리는 커피를 마실 거예요.

Summary and Conclusion

Today, we covered the grammar point ‘-을 거예요’ and how to use it to express future tense in Korean. This pattern is essential for conveying actions and states that will occur in the future. Continue practicing with our workbook and check out related lessons for more in-depth learning.

If you have any questions or suggestions, feel free to comment below. Happy learning!

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